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Very short DNA segments can be detected and handled by the repair machinery during germline chromothriptic chromosome reassembly

2018-02-06 19:43:03

Human Mutation

Zuzana Slamova, Lusine Nazaryan-Petersen, Mana M. Mehrjouy, Jana Drabova, Miroslava Hancarova, Tatana Marikova, Drahuse Novotna, Marketa Vlckova, Zdenka Vlckova, Mads Bak, Zuzana Zemanova, Niels Tommerup, Zdenek Sedlacek


DOI: 10.1002/humu.23408



Abstract


Analyses at nucleotide resolution reveal unexpected complexity of seemingly simple and balanced chromosomal rearrangements. Chromothripsis is a rare complex aberration involving local shattering of one or more chromosomes and reassembly of the resulting DNA segments. This can influence gene expression and cause abnormal phenotypes. We studied the structure and mechanism of a seemingly balanced de novo complex rearrangement of four chromosomes in a boy with developmental and growth delay. Microarray analysis revealed two paternal de novo deletions of 0.7 and 2.5 Mb at two of the breakpoints in 1q24.3 and 6q24.1-q24.2, respectively, which could explain most symptoms of the patient. Subsequent whole-genome mate-pair sequencing confirmed the chromothriptic nature of the rearrangement. The four participating chromosomes were broken into 29 segments longer than one kb. Sanger sequencing of all breakpoint junctions revealed additional complexity compatible with the involvement of different repair pathways. We observed translocation of a 33 bp long DNA fragment which may have implications for the definition of the lower size limit of structural variants. Our observations and literature review indicate that even very small fragments from shattered chromosomes can be detected and handled by the repair machinery during germline chromothriptic chromosome reassembly.




Empire Genomic's RP11 FISH Probes
were used in this publication.



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